Environmental art

Andy Goldsworthy


Garden of Stones, Museum of Jewish History, New York. Image: J BowringAndy Goldsworthy is an environmental sculptor, who works with natural objects in their natural surroundings in order to draw attention to the seasonal cycles of growth and decay.  He uses materials such as ice, sticks or stones to create temporary constructions that are held together by natural forces such as gravity, or by other materials such as thorns or strips of natural vegetation. His graceful designs illustrate the changing character of the natural materials under different conditions and convey a sense of wonder, drawing attention to the beauty and mystery of nature. Born in England and now living in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, Goldsworthy has produced over 70 commissions throughout the world, including a 600m Stone Wall at Storm King Sculpture Park, New York, and a ‘Snowballs in Summer’ installation in the streets of London. One of his latest works, ‘The Garden of Stones’, is located in New York City, at the Museum of Jewish Heritage.


Wall at Storm King - Andy Goldsworthy (C)
Time - Andy Goldsworthy (C)
Andy Goldsworthy: a collaboration with nature (L)
Modern garden design: innovation since 1900 - Janet Waymark (L)
Hand to earth: Andy Goldsworthy sculpture, 1976- 1990 - Andy Goldsworthy (C & L)
Midsummer snowballs - Andy Goldsworthy (C)
Wood - Andy Goldsworthy (C)
Black stones red pools: Dumfiesshire winter 1994-5 - Andy Goldsworthy (C)
Stone - Andy Goldsworthy (C)

Rivers & Tides: Andy Goldsworthy working with time (2001) (A & L)

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

The Gates project, Central Park – New York
Source: Tom Lamb , ASLA, 2005


Christo and Jeanne-Claude are a husband and wife team who create temporary, large-scale works which accentuate the natural or built environment. Their work encompasses painting, sculpture, architecture and urban planning and frequently involves surrounding or juxtaposing familiar objects with temporary materials. One of their works undertaken between 1980 and 1983 involved surrounding 11 islands in the Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida with pink woven polypropylene fabric. The islands and the fabric could be seen as giant flat paintings, as the luminous pink colour of the shiny fabric was in harmony with the tropical vegetation of the islands, the light of the Miami sky and the colours of the shallow waters of Biscayne Bay. Other works of theirs include “The Gates, Central Park, New York City (1979-2005), “The Umbrellas, Japan-USA” (1984-91) and “Valley Curtain”, Colorado (1970-1972).


Christo & Jeanne-Claude - Jacob Baal-Teshuva (C)
Christo and Jeanne-Claude: three works in progress: Wrapped Reichstag,
project for Berlin, The gates, project for Central Park, New York, Over the river, project for western U.S.A : 8 March - 29 April, 1995. - Christo (C)
Christo : projects not realised and works in progress : 8 March-6 April 1991.  - Christo (C)
Christo : the umbrellas (joint project for Japan and USA) : drawings and collages - Christo (C)
Christo - Marina Vaizey (C)
Christo - Lawrence Alloway (C)

Christo and Jeanne-Claude (1996) (A)

* Key to availability in Canterbury:

A = Alice in Videoland (Christchurch)
C = Canterbury Public Library
L = Lincoln University Library

Page last updated on: 02/02/2010