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Research

Below is a list of our research areas.

Research

Below is a list of our research areas.


Children's sport and physical literacy


Research has examined children's physical development and its relationship to skill acquisition, high performance and physical education systems. Additionally, researchers have examined different cultural understandings of children's sport, as well as children's sporting participation, enjoyment and motivation more generally.

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved:Roslyn Kerr, Mike Hamlin, Catherine Elliot


Events and community development


Our researchers working in the area of events and community development focus on festival experiences and visitors' motivations for attending festivals as well as the role of local events in rural and urban community development.

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved: Joanna Fountain, Michael Mackay, Jude Wilson, Catherine Elliot, Greg Ryan, Michael Shone


High performance sport


Researchers in the High Performance Sport Group are interested in identifying what contributes to successful sport and exercise performance. Specific topics of interest include the use of unique training regimes to enhance performance (eg., altitude and hypoxic training, vibration training, venous occlusion training). Athlete training maintenance and recovery are also areas of research (i.e. cryotherapy, hot-cold water immersion, compression garments, hyperoxia). The outcomes of improper or too much training are also research areas (i.e. injury rate, overtraining, infection and disease).

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved: Mike Hamlin, Catherine Elliot, Roslyn Kerr


Outdoor recreation

Image supplied by Emma Stewart

Social and cultural aspects, impacts, activity patterns, attitudes and preferences, motivations and benefits, places and spaces (including rural, freshwater, backcountry and wilderness areas), planning and management.

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved: Stephen Espiner, Emma Stewart, Jude Wilson, Catherine Elliot Gary Steel

Socio cultural issues in sport


The theme focuses on socio-cultural aspects of sport and physical activity. Specific topics of interest include a history of sport, commercialisation of sport, sport media, sport migration, sport for development, sport and social change, body and sport, disability and sport, political economy of sport, sport nationalism, sport and gender/race/sexuality/social class, and social inclusion and exclusion through recreation.

Recent publications in this Research Area.

Staff involved: Koji Kobayashi, Greg Ryan, Roslyn Kerr

Sport management and governance


The theme focuses on sport management and governance to enhance economic, social and health benefits for all. Research interests encompass a wide range of levels such as local, regional, national, international, inter-organisational and cross-sectoral. Topics of interest include sport and recreation policy and planning, sport partnership, social entrepreneurship in sport, sport marketing and sponsorship, sport organisational structure and culture, and sport volunteer programs.

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved: Koji Kobayashi, Roslyn Kerr

Well-being, physical activity and health


Focuses on the well-being and physical health outcomes in relation to physical activity including exercise and sport by measuring physical activity and fitness and investigating the physiological and health consequences of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on psychophysiological health.

Recent publications in this research area.

Staff involved: Mike Hamlin, Catherine Elliot, Kevin Moore

Interdisciplinary Areas:
  • Exercise Science
  • Geography
  • History
  • Management
  • Policy and Planning
  • Psychology
  • Sociology

Publications by research topic

Children's sport and physical literacy

Cowley V, Hamlin, M.J., Grimley M, Hargreaves J, Price C. Parent and caregivers perceptions and attitudes towards children's physical activity and physical education - results of a NZ primary schools physical activity project. In Proceedings of the Creating Active Futures- Proceeding of the 26th ACHPER International Conference. 2009: Brisbane, Australia p. 23-9.

Cowley, V., Hamlin, M.J. and Grimley, M. Where has all the physical education gone? Results of a generalist primary schools teachers' survey on teaching physical education. In World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology: International Conference on Physical Activity and Sport Science; Paris, France. Edited by Ardil C. 2011: 62-67.

Gillis, L. Tomkinson, G. Olds, T. Moreira, C. Christie, C. Nigg, C. Ester Cerin, E. Van Sluijs, E. Stratton, G. Janssen, I. Dorovolomo, J. Reilly, JJ. Mota, J. Zayed, K. Kawalski, K. Andersen, LB. Carrizosa, M. Tremblay, M. Chia, M. Hamlin, M.J. Thomas, NE. Maddison, R. Biddle, S. Gorely, T. Onywera, V. Van Mechelen, W. Research priorities for child and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviours: an international perspective using a twin-panel Delphi procedure. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013; 10: 112, 1-8.

Hodgkin, E. Hamlin, M.J. Ross, J.J. Peters, F. Obesity, energy intake and physical activity in rural and urban New Zealand children. Journal of Rural Health 10: (Article #1366, Online), 2010.

Kerr, Roslyn and Moore, Kevin (2015) Hard work or child's play? Migrant coaches' reflections on coaching gymnastics in New Zealand, World Leisure Journal, Published online 14 August 2015: DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2015.1066601

Events and community development

Fountain, J. & Ryan, G. (2015). 'It's not all beer and skittles': An exploratory analysis of the characteristics and motivations of beer festival visitors. Refereed working paper. CAUTHE Conference 2015: Rising tides and sea changes, 2-5 February, Gold Coast, Australia.

Fountain, J. (2014). Who's here? An exploratory study of the characteristics and wine consumption behaviours of visitors at a New Zealand wine festival. Refereed paper. 8th Academy of Wine Business Research Conference. 27-30th June, Geisenheim, Germany.

High performance sport

Natalie Barker-Ruchti, Roslyn Kerr, Astrid Schubring, Georgia Cervin & Myrian Nunomura (2016): "Gymnasts Are Like Wine, They Get Better With Age”: Becoming and Developing Adult Women's Artistic Gymnasts, Quest, DOI: 10.1080/00336297.2016.1230504

Kerr, Roslyn (2016) Sport and Technology: An Actor-Network Theory Perspective. Manchester University Press: Manchester. http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9781784995157/

Lizamore, C.A. Kathiravel, Y. Elliot, J. Hellemans, J. and Hamlin, M.J. The effect of short term intermittent hypoxic exposure on heart rate variability in a sedentary population. Acta Physiologica Hungarica 103 (1) 75-85, 2016. doi 10.1556/036.103.2016.1.7

Manimmanakorn, N. Manimmanakorn, A. Boobphachart, D. Thuwakum, W. Laupattarakasem, W. Hamlin, M.J. Effect of Zingiber cassumunar ROXB (Plai cream) in the treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Integrative Medicine 14 (2) 114-120, 2016.

Álvarez-Herms, J. Julià-Sánchez, S. Hamlin, M. Viscor, G. Strength training under hypoxic conditions. Physiological Reports 3(1): 1-2 2015 doi:10.14814/phy2.12227/full

Álvarez-Herms, J. Julià-Sánchez, S. Hamlin, M.J. Corbi, F. Pages, T. Viscor, G. Popularity of hypoxic training methods for endurance-based professional and amateur athletes. Physiology & Behavior, 2015, 143 35-38 doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.02.020, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031938415000840

Donath, L., Roth, R., Lichtenstein, E., Elliot, C., Zahner, L. and Faude, O. Jeopardizing Christmas: Why spoiled kids and a tight schedule could make Santa Claus fall? Gait and Posture 41(3):745-749 01 Mar 2015

George, T.M. Olsen, P.D. Kimber, N.E. Shearman, J.P, Hamilton, J. Hamlin, M.J. The effect of altitude and travel on rugby union performance: Analysis of the 2012 Super Rugby competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (In Press) 2015.

Hamlin, M.J. Hollings, S.C. Hopkins, W.G. Effects of altitude on performance of elite track-and-field athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2015, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0261

Kerr, R., Barker-Ruchti, N., Schubring, A., Cervin, G., and Nunomura, M. (2015) Coming of age: Towards best practice in women's artistic gymnastics. LEaP Report no. 37.

Manimmanakorn, N. Manimmanakorn, N. Ross, J.J. Lucas, S. Hamlin, M.J. Effect of whole body vibration training on performance recovery. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 10: 388-395, 2015.

Manimmanakorn, N., Hamlin, M.J. and Ross, J.J. Effect of whole body vibration training on jump height: Meta-analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 28(6) 1739-1750, 2014.

Gerber, M., Brand, S., Elliot, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., Pühse, U. and Beck, J. Aerobic exercise training and burnout: A pilot study with male participants suffering from burnout. BMC Research Notes 78-78 04 Mar 2013

Hamlin, Michael J., Draper, Nick, Hellemans, John. (2013) Real and Simulated Altitude Training and Performance. In Current Issues in Sports and Exercise Medicine. (MJ Hamlin N Draper and Y Kathiravel editors) InTech Publishers, Rijeka, Croatia pp. 205-229 (2013).

de Glanville, K.M. and Hamlin, M. J. Positive effect of lower body compression garments on subsequent 40-km cycling time trial performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26 (2) 480-486, 2012.

Dickson, T., Fryer, S., Draper, N., Winter, D., Ellis, G. and Hamlin, M. Comparison of plasma cortisol sampling sites for rock climbing. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 52(6) 688-695, 2012.

Hamlin, M. J. Mitchell, C.J. Ward, F.D. Draper, N. Shearman, J.P. Kimber, N.E. Effect of compression garments on short term recovery of repeated sprint and 3-km running performance in rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26 (11) 2975-2982, 2012.

Kerr, Roslyn (2012) Integrating Scientists into the Sports Environment: A Case Study of Gymnastics in New Zealand, Journal of Sport and Social Issues 36(1), pp. 3 - 24

Draper, N., Dickson, T., Blackwell, G., Priestley S., Fryer, S., Marshall, H., Shearman, J., Hamlin, M., Winter, D. and Ellis, G. Sport-specific power assessment for rock climbing. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 51 (3) 417-425, 2011.

Draper, N., Shearman, J., Dickson, T., Fryer, S., Blackwell, G., Winter, D. Ellis, G. and Hamlin, M. (2011) The role of psychophysiological interaction on fatigue in rock climbing. The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Annual Conference, Colchester, England, September 6-8, S119.

Hamlin, M. J. Marshall, H.C. Hellemans, Ainslie, P.N. Anglem, N. Effect of intermittent hypoxic training on 20-km time trial and 30-s anaerobic performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 20 (4) 651-661, 2010.

Outdoor recreation

Depatie, C., Kerr, R. Espiner, S. and Stewart E. J. (2016) Experiencing Outdoor Recreation in the Digital Technology Age: A case study from the Port Hills of Christchurch, New Zealand in Digital Leisure Cultures: Critical Perspectives Eds. S. Carnicelli, ‎D. McGillivray and G. McPherson. Routledge.

Depatie, C., Espiner, S. R., Stewart, E., & Kerr, R. (2015, June 1). Outdoor recreation and digital technology in a per-urban setting: Is technology changing the experience?. In Canadian Sociological Association. Ottawa.

Depatie, C., Kerr, R., Espiner, S., & Stewart, E. (2014, December 3). Experiencing outdoor recreation in the digital technology age: Are we "getting away from it all"?. In Sociological Association of Aotearoa New Zealand (SAANZ) Conference (pp. 31). University of Canterbury.

Espiner, S., Stewart, E., Dalziel, P., & Saunders, C. (2013). Contribution of the conservation estate to New Zealanders' prosperity and wellbeing: Three case studies. Lincoln University, Christchurch.

Espiner, S.R., Gidlow, B., and Cushman, G.C. (2011). Outdoor recreation and gendered space: The case of men's enthusiasms for hunting, fly-fishing and scuba diving. Annals of Leisure Research, 14(3):162-178.

Grey, M., Espiner, S., & Stewart, E. (2013). Interpreting the significance of protected areas: A case study of how recreationists value the Craigieburn and Castel Hill conservation areas, Canterbury, New Zealand. In Tourism and Global Change: On the edge of something big (pp. 238-242). Lincoln University, Christchurch. Retrieved from http://www.cauthe2013.com/

Holland, P., Espiner, S. R., & Stewart, E. (2014). Existing and potential use and perceptions of the "Spine of the Lizard" walking routes: an investigation into the Banks Peninsula summit walkway and associated feeder tracks. Lincoln University: Lincoln University. Retrieved from https://researcharchive.lincoln.ac.nz/handle/10182/578

Hughes Hutton, J., Espiner, S. R., & Stewart, E. (2015). Canterbury youth and outdoor recreation: An investigation of youth group leaders' perspectives on recreation opportunities on Banks Peninsula. Lincoln University: Lincoln University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10182/6541

Lynch, P., Moore, K. and Minchington, L. Adventure cultures: An international comparison. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 12(3), 237-260. 2012.

Rennie, H.G., Orchard S. and B. Peryman 2014 "Applying an effects-based approach to the sustainable management of surf breaks” Planning Quarterly No. 193: 11-13.

Rennie, H.G. 2014 "The Mount Maunganui Artificial Surfing Reef” Planning Quarterly No 193: 13

Rennie, H.G. 2013 "Surf tourism, activism and science: From creating to protecting surf breaks in New Zealand” p. 89 in Andriotis, K. (ed.) Book of Abstracts of the International Conference on Tourism (ICOT 2013): Trends, Impacts and Policies on Sustainable Tourism Development Limassol, Cyprus: International Association for Tourism Policy. P.116

Skellern, M., Peryman, B., Orchard S., Rennie, H.G. 2013 Planning Approaches for the Management of Surf Breaks in New Zealand Auckland: Auckland University, Auckland Council, Bay of Plenty Regional Council and Surfbreak Protection Society of New Zealand. P. 98. http://www.surfbreak.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Planning-approaches-for-the-management-of-Surf-Breaks-in-New-Zealand_Skellern-et-al_2013.pdf

Smith, E.F., Gidlow, B., and Steel, G. (2012). Engaging adolescent participants in academic research: The use of photo-elicitation interviews in evaluating school-based outdoor education programmes. Qualitative Research.

Thompson, S., Espiner, S., Stewart, E., Shone, M., & Holland, P. (2014, December 3). Banks Peninsula is the stadium: Outdoor recreation and recovery in post-earthquake Christchurch. In Sociological Association of Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 61-62). Christchurch. Retrieved from http://www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/lsap/saanz/index.shtml

Wilson, J., Shone, M. C., Simmons, D. G., & Stewart, E. (2015). Making waves: Examining the interface between cruise tourism and destination community in Akaroa, New Zealand. Tourism in Marine Environments, 10(3-4), 211-223. doi:10.3727/154427315X14181438892856

Socio cultural issues in sport

Kobayashi, K. (2016). Taking Japan Seriously Again: The Cultural Economy of Glocalization and Self-Orientalization. In R. Robertson & D. Buhari-Gulmez (Eds.), Global Culture: Consciousness and Connectivity (pp. 193-210). Farnham: Ashgate.

Kerr, Roslyn and Obel, Camilla (2015) The Disappearance of the Perfect 10: Evaluating Rule Changes in Women's Artistic Gymnastics, The International Journal of the History of Sport, 32(2), pp. 318-331

Kerr, Roslyn (2014) From Foucault to Latour: Gymnastics training as a socio-technical network, Sociology of Sport Journal 31(1), pp. 85-101

Ryan, G. (2014), 'Men who Defaulted in the Greatest Game of all: sport, conscientious objectors and military defaulters in New Zealand 1916-23', International Journal of the History of Sport

Ryan, G. (2013), 'The Axe is the Pioneer of Civilisation”: competitive wood chopping and New Zealand sporting culture 1890-1914', Turnbull Library Record, Vol.45, pp.44-57.

Ryan, G. (2013), 'Sport and society', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 12-Jul-13


Sport management and governance

Hill. Simon, Kerr, Roslyn  & Kobayashi, Koji (2016): Questioning the application of Policy Governance for small-scale sports clubs in New Zealand, Managing Sport and Leisure, DOI: 10.1080/23750472.2016.1252686.

Elliot, C., Stoner, L., Hamlin, M., & Stoutenberg, M. (2016). Primary healthcare and the battle against childhood physical inactivity and obesity. Perspect Public Health, 136(6), 328-329. doi:10.1177/1757913916663139.

Kerr, Roslyn and Barker-Ruchti, Natalie (2014) Women's Artistic Gymnastics in Australia and New Zealand: A Foucauldian Examination of the Relationship Between Sport Governance and Consumption, Journal of Sport and Social Issues, Online first 22 Nov 2014, doi: 10.1177/0193723514558930

Gainsford, J., Kerr, R. (2013) Swimming in Christchurch: How the industry was affected by the earthquakes. LEaP Report no. 21.

Kobayashi, K. (2012). Corporate Nationalism and Glocalization of Nike Advertising in "Asia”: Production and Representation Practices of Cultural Intermediaries. Sociology of Sport Journal, 29(1), 42-61.

Kobayashi, K. (2012). Globalization, Corporate Nationalism and Japanese Cultural Intermediaries: Representation of Bukatsu through Nike Advertising at the Global-Local Nexus. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 47(6), 724-742.

Kobayashi, K. (2012). Gurōkaruka to supōtsu kōkoku (Glocalization and Sport Advertising). Taiiku no Kagaku Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 62(5), 330-334.

Kobayashi, K. Amis, J.M., Irwin, R. & Southall, R. (2010). Japanese Post-Industrial Management: The Cases of Asics and Mizuno. Sport in Society, 13(9), 1334-1355.

Well-being, physical activity and health

Gobbi, E., Elliot, C., Varnier, M., & Carraro, A. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for older children in Italy: testing the validity among a general and clinical pediatric population. PLoS One, 11(5). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156354

Hamlin, M. J., Yule, E., Elliot, C. A., Stoner, L., & Kathiravel, Y. (2016). Long-term effectiveness of the New Zealand Green Prescription primary health care exercise initiative. Public Health, 140, 102-108. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2016.07.014.

Stoner, L. Rowlands, D. Morrison, A. Credeur, D. Hamlin, M. Gaffney, K. Lambrick, D. Matheson, A. Efficacy of exercise intervention for weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents: Meta-analysis and implications. Sports Medicine, 02 May 2016 doi 10.1007/s40279-016-0537-6

Stoner, L. Matheson, A. Hamlin, M. Skidmore, P. Environmental determinants of childhood obesity: a specific focus on Maori and Pasifika in New Zealand. Perspectives in Public Health 136 (1) 18-20, 2016.

Elliot, C., Lang, C., Brand, S., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., Pühse, U. and Gerber, M. The relationship between meeting vigorous physical activity recommendations and burnout symptoms among adolescents: An exploratory study with vocational students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 37(2):180-192 2015

Gerber, M., Lang, C., Feldmeth, A.K., Elliot, C., Brand, S., Holsboer-Trachsler, E. and Pühse, U. Burnout and Mental Health in Swiss Vocational Students: The Moderating Role of Physical Activity. Journal of Research on Adolescence 25(1):63-74 01 Mar 2015

Gerber, M., Lindwall, M., Brand, S., Lang, C., Elliot, C. and Pühse, U. Longitudinal relationships between perceived stress, exercise self-regulation and exercise involvement among physically active adolescents. Journal of Sports Sciences 33(4):369-380 25 Feb 2015

Rush, E. McLennan, S. Obolonkin, V. Cooper, R. Hamlin, M.J. Beyond the randomized controlled trial - evaluation of effectiveness of through-school nutrition and physical activity programmes. Public Health Nutrition. 2015 March doi:10.1017/S1368980014003322.

Stoner, L. Matheson, A. Hamlin, M.J. Skidmore, P. Tackling the obesity epidemic in New Zealand: a specific focus on Māori and Pasifika children. Perspectives in Public Health (In Press) 2015.

Castro, N., Faulkner, J., Skidmore, P., Williams, M., Lambrick, D.M., Signal, L., Thunders, M., Muller, D., Lark, S., Hamlin, M., Lane, A.M., Wharehinga, B., Kingi, T.K. and Stoner, L. Pre-Adolescent Cardio-Metabolic Associations and Correlates: PACMAC Methodology and Study Protocol. BMJ Open. 2014 Sep 18;4(9):e005815

Gerber, M., Brand, S., Elliot, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E. and Pühse, U. Aerobic exercise, ball sports, dancing, and weight lifting as moderators of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms: An exploratory cross-sectional study with Swiss university students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 119(3):679-697 2014

Hamlin, M.J. and Paterson, A. Sedentary Behaviour and Chronic Disease. Perspectives in Public Health May 2014; 134: 131-132

Hamlin, M.J. and Stoner, L. Childhood obesity in New Zealand: time to look at stronger measures? New Zealand Medical Journal 127 (1398): 119-121 2014

Hamlin, M. J., Fraser, M., Lizamore, C.A., Draper, N., Shearman, J.P. and Blackwell, G. Effects of bioelectrical impedance-derived fat and lean mass on fitness levels in 8-13 year old children. The Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science 11(1), 36-45, 2014.

Hamlin, M. J., Fraser, M., Lizamore, C.A., Draper, N., Shearman, J.P. and Kimber, N.E. Measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness in children from two commonly used field tests after accounting for body fatness and maturity. Journal of Human Kinetics 2014; 40: 83-92 2014.

Lambrick, D.M., Stoner, L., Faulkner, J. and Hamlin, M.J. Preventive medicine needs to begin with our children. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5(1) 129-131, 2014.

Lizamore, C.A. and Hamlin, M.J. Outlier detection and reliability of heart rate measures in sedentary middle-aged participants. New Zealand Sports Medicine and Science Conference, Wellington, NZ, Nov 14-15, 2014, pp64.

Lunt, H., Draper, N., Marshall, H.C., Logan, F.J., Hamlin, M.J., Shearman, J.P., Cotter, J.D., Kimber, N.E., Blackwell, G. and Frampton, C.M.A. High Intensity Interval Training in a Real World Setting: A Randomised Controlled Feasibility Study in Overweight Inactive Adults, Measuring Change in Maximum Oxygen Uptake. Plos ONE 9(1): e83256. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083256, 2014.

Rush, E., McLennan, S., Obolonkin, V., Vandal, A. C., Hamlin, M.J., Simmons, D., & Graham, D. Project Energize: whole-region primary school nutrition and physical activity programme; evaluation of body size and fitness 5 years after the randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Nutrition, 111 363-371, 2014.

Gerber, M., Jonsdottir, I.H., Kalak, N, Elliot, C., Puhse, U., Holsboer-Trachsler, E. and Brand, S. Objectively assessed physical activity is associated with increased hair cortisol content in young adults. Stress 16(6):593-599 2013

Elliot, C.A., Kennedy, C., Morgan, G., Anderson, S.K. and Morris, D. Undergraduate physical activity and depressive symptoms: A national study. American Journal of Health Behavior 36(2):230-241 2012

Kruschitz, R., Wallner-Liebmann, S.J., Ludvik, B., Hamlin, M.J., Wolfgang, J., Schnedl, W.J. and Tafeit, E. Detecting body fat- A weighty problem. BMI versus subcutaneous fat patterns. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72002. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072002. (2013).

Wallner-Liebmann, S.J., Kruschitz, R., Hubler, K., Hamlin, M. J., Schnedl, W.J., Moser, M. and Tafeit, E. A measure of obesity: BMI versus subcutaneous fat patterns in young athletes and nonathletes. Collegium Antropolologicum 37 (2) 351-357, 2013.

Hamlin, M.J. Draper, N. Blackwell, G. Shearman, J.P. Kimber, N.E. Determination of maximal oxygen uptake using the Bruce or a novel athlete-led protocol in a mixed population. Journal of Human Kinetics 31 97-104, 2012.

Hodgkin, E. Hamlin, M.J. Ross, J.J. Peters, F. Obesity, energy intake and physical activity in rural and urban New Zealand children. Journal of Rural Health 10: (Article #1366, Online), 2010.